Indian Constitution brief Notes PDF– Hello Aspirants, welcome to our site sarkarirojgarhelp.com Today, we are providing you Indian Polity Constitution of Indian | Indian constitution – Schedules and parts brief Notes PDF which helps you to learn all facts about the Indian Constitution | Constitution- Schedules and Parts. From this topic questions asked in competitive exams like SSC, IBPS, UPSC, DSSSB, UPSSC, and various other exams.
- Constitution of India was divided initially into
- 395 Articles
- 8 Schedules
- 22 Parts
- Already the longest constitution in the world, it has now grown to 470 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules with 5 appendices, and 104 amendments.
- The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26th November 1949, contained a Preamble, 395 articles, and 8 Schedules; and came into force on 26th January 1950 as the date of ‘Constitution commencement’ and celebrated as the Republic Day on every 26th of January.
- It is the highest law of the country and cannot be overridden by the Parliament.
- Constitution Assembly of India had 11 sessions over 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days to make the Constitution of India.
- The constitution-makers had gone through the constitutions of around 60 countries and the Draft Constitution was considered for 114 days.
- The Total expenditure incurred on making the Constitution of India is around 64 lakh rupees.
- On 24 January 1950, the Constitution Assembly of India held its final session.
- Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is known as ‘Father of the Constitution of India’.
Constitution – Schedules
|First:||Names of the states and their territorial jurisdiction. Names of the Union Territories and their extent.|
|Second:||Provisions relating to emoluments, allowances, privileges for: |
The speaker and Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha.
The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council).
The Judge of Supreme Court and High Courts.
The Comptroller and Auditor- General of India (CAG)
|Third:||Forms of Oaths or Affirmations for: |
The Union and state ministers.
The candidates for Parliament and State Legislature.
The members of the Parliament and state Legislature, The Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts.
The Comptroller and Auditor- General of India (CAG)
|Fourth:||Allocation of seats in Rajya Sabha to the States and the Union Territories.|
|Fifth:||Provisions relating to administration and control of the scheduled areas and the Scheduled Tribes.|
|Sixth:||Provisions relating to administration of tribal areas in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram.|
|Seventh:||Division of powers between the Union and the States in terms of Lists i.e. Union List, State List, and Concurrent List.|
|Eighth:||Languages recognized by the Constitution, Presently, 22 official languages.|
|Ninth:||Acts and Regulations of the State Legislatures dealing with the land reforms and abolition of zamindari system Initials was immune form judicial review on the ground of violation of Fundamental Rights. However, in 2007 Supreme Court Schedule is open to judicial review.|
|Tenth:||Provision related to disqualification of members of Parliament and State Legislatures on the ground of defection. The as Anti-defection Law.|
|Eleventh:||Provisions relating to the powers, authority, and responsibilities of Panchayats. It has 29 matters.|
|Twelfth:||Provisions relating to the power, authority, and responsibilities of Municipalities. It has 18 matters.|
Constitution – Parts
|Part – I (Article 1-4)||Deals with Territory of India; i.e., the formation of new states, alterations, names of existing states.|
|Part – II (Article 5-11)||Citizenship|
|Part – III (Article 12-35)||Deals with Fundamentals Right of Indian Citizens. (Articles 31- dealing with the Right to property was deleted by 44th Amendment).|
|Part – IV (Article 36-51)||Deals with Directive Principles of State Policy.|
|Part – IVA (Article 51A)||Deals with Fundamental Duties, added by 24nd Amendment in 1976.|
|Part – V (article 52-151)||Deals with Union Government, duties, and functions of the president, Vice-president, Prime Minister, Parliament, Union Judiciary, and CAG.|
|Part – VI (Article 152- 237)||Deals with Government at State level (Article 152 exempts Jammu and Kashmir from the category of ordinary states) (Duties and functions of Chief Minister and his Minister, Governor, State Legislature. High Court, Advocate General of the State)|
|Part – VII (Article 238)||Deals with states were replaced in 1956 by the 7th amendment in the constitution of India.|
|Part – VIII (Article 239-242)||Deals with Union Territories.|
|Part – IX and Part IX – A (Articles 243- 243ZG)||Consist of two parts Added by the 73rd Amendment in 1992. Contains a new schedule Eleventh Schedule. It contains 29 subjects related to Panchayati Raj. (they have been given administrative powers).|
Added by 74th amendment in 1992. Contains a new schedule Twelfth Schedule. It contains 18 subjects related to Municipalities. (They have been given administrative powers).
|Part IX-B |
|Part – X (Articles 244, 244A)||Deals with Scheduled and Tribal Areas.|
|Part –XI (Articles 245-263)||Deals with the relationship between Union and States Governments.|
|Part – XII (Articles 264- 300A)||Deals with the distribution of revenue between Union (Central) Govt. and States Govts. Appointment of Finance Commission (Article Contracts Liabilities, Right to property, and Suits.|
|Part – XIII (Article 301-307)||Relates to Commerce, Trade, and intercourse within the Territory of India.|
|Part – XIV A (Articles 308-323)||Deals with UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) and the State Public Service Commission.|
|Part – XIV A (article 323A, 323B)||Deals with Tribunals.|
|Part –XV (Articles 324- 329A)||Deals with Electrorals (also Election Commission).|
|Part- XVI (Articles 330-342)||Deals with special provisions for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Anglo-Indian representation.|
|Part – XVII (Article 343-351)||Related to Official Language.|
|Part – XVIII (Articles 352-360)||Deals with Emergency Provisions.|
|Part-XIX (Articles 361-367)||Exemption of criminal Proceeding for the Official Acts of President and Governors (Miscellaneous)|
|Part-XX (Article 368)||Deals with Amendment of the constitution of India.|
|Part-XXI (Articles 369-392)||(Article 369 gives temporary powers to the Parliament to make laws for State List) (Article 370 Constant Provisions of Jammu and Kashmir- restrict the Parliament to make laws for that list) (Articles 371, 371D, 371F, 371H, 371I and 371J related to special provisions for Maharashtra, Gujarat, Manipur, Andhra Pradesh, Sikkim, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh, Goa and Karnataka respectively.|
|Part-XXII (Articles 393-395)||Concerns the Short Title, commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals of the constitution of India.|
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