May 12, 2021

Parliament of India | Parliament Notes for SSC, UPSC, and other exams

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Parliament of India Notes PDF– Hello Aspirants, welcome to our site Today, we are providing you Indian Polity Parliament of India | Parliament Notes brief Notes PDF which helps you to learn all facts about Parliament of India and Indian Parliament or Parliamentary form of government in India. From this topic questions asked in competitive exams like SSC, IBPS, UPSC, DSSSB, UPSSC, and various other state-level exams.


Part V of the Constitution of India deals with the parliament. The provisions of the parliament are written in the article 79 – 122.

The Important points in the articles are given-below (Article 79-83):

Article 79:

  • According to Article 79, the parliament consists of the President, the Council of States (Rajya Sabha), and the Council of People (Lok Sabha).
  • In 1954, the Hindi names Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha were adopted for the council of people and the council of states respectively.
  • The President of India is not a member of either house of the Parliament. But he is an integral part of the Indian Parliament.
  • He has the power to summons the two houses of parliament and dissolves the house of people.
  • His assent is also required before any legislation can take effect.

Article 80:

  • According to this article, Rajya Sabha is composed of not more than 250 members.
  • Among the 250 members 238 are to be the representatives of States and Union Territories and the left 12 members are to be nominated by the President.
  • The nominated persons are required to have special knowledge or practical experience in respect of literature, art, social services and science.

Article 81:

  • According to this article, the maximum strength of Lok Sabha can be 552.
  • Among those 552 members, 530 are to be elected members from states, 20 members from Union territories, and 2 members of Anglo – Indian Community-nominated by the President (Article 331).
  • Anglo – Indians are those people who are domiciled within the Indian territory and his/her father or any of his other male progenitors in the male line are of European descent.

Article 82:

  • After completion of each census, the allocation of seats in the Lok-Sabha to different states and UTs, and the demarcation of each state into territorial constituency shall be adjusted by the parliament.
  • The Delimitation Commission Acts in 1952, 1962, 1972 and 2002 were enacted by the parliament for this purpose.
  • Some amendment acts related to the Delimitation:
    • 42nd Amendment Act, 1976: The allocation of seats in the Lok Sabha to the States and division of each State into territorial constituencies was till the year 2000 at the 1971 level.
    • 84th amendment Act, 2001: The above ban on readjustment was extended until the year 2026.
    • 87th Amendment Act, 2003: This provides for the delimitation of constituencies based on the 2001 census instead of the 1991 census.
  • Reservation of seats for the SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha based on population ratios.
  • The reservation was for only 10 years initially, but it was extended till January 25, 2020, by 95th Amendment Act, 2009.
  • Recently it is extended again till 2030 by 104th Constitution Amendment.

Article 83:

  • Duration of Lok Sabha:
    • The normal term of Lok Sabha is 5 years from the date appointed for its first meeting.
    • President can dissolve it earlier before the ending of its term.
    • At the time of emergency under article 352 the 5-year term of the Lok Sabha can be extended up to one year at a time. But this extension cannot continue beyond a period of six months after the emergency has cease to operate.
  • Duration of Rajya Sabha:
    • This house cannot be dissolved.
    • One third of its members retire in every second year.
    • The retiring members are eligible for renomination and reelection any number of times.

In short, we will say that this topic is very interesting to learn because of this topic. You learn about Parliament of India; Parliamentary form of government in India in brief which helps you in competitive exams. Therefore, we will be providing Parliament of India | Parliament Notes brief Notes PDF by that, you can easily understand this topic.

Interested Candidates can download Parliament of India | Parliament Notes PDF from the below available link

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